Women suffragist Lucy Stone, an influential abolitionist and suffragist fighting for both racial and gender equality.
Women suffragist Jeannette Rankin, first woman elected to Congress in the House of Representatives and only Congressperson to vote against WWI and WWII
Woman suffragist Mary Church Terrell fought for gender and racial equality and was the first president of the National Association of Colored Women (NACW)
Woman suffragist Sojourner Truth African American abolitionist and women’s rights activist
Zitkála-Šá (“Red Bird”), also known as Gertrude Simmons Bonnin, was a Sioux Indian writer, editor, translator, musician, educator, and political activist.
Woman suffragist Mabel Ping-Hua Lee was a Chinese American writer, feminist and first woman to receive a PhD. from Columbia University.
Woman suffragist Adelina “Nina” Otero-Warren was an educator and politician who led the New Mexico chapter of the Congressional Union (precursor to the National Woman’s Party).
Who is Sojourner Truth?
Sojourner Truth carte de visite,1864, photograph, Courtesy of ZSR Library.
Sojourner Truth was an African American abolitionist and women’s rights activist, who is best known for her speech, “Ain’t I a Woman?” during the Ohio Women’s Rights Convention in 1851. The speech addressed the racial inequalities in the women’s rights movement. Truth was born into slavery as Isabella Baumfree and sold several times, even once as a 9-year-old with a flock of sheep for $100 at auction. She later escaped with her infant daughter in 1826 and changed her name to Sojourner Truth in 1843. Truth began her social justice efforts with abolition before fighting for other reforms such as prison reform, property rights, and universal suffrage.
“There is a great stir about colored men getting their rights, but not a word about colored women; and if colored men get their rights, and not colored women theirs, you see, the colored men will be masters over the women, and it will be just as bad as it was before.”
Sources: How Early Photographs Reveal the Indomitable Spirit of Abolitionist Sojourner Truth, “Sojourner Truth.”